عنوان مقاله [English]
In oder to establish a pest management program on poplar in IRAN, several studies have been carried out since 11985. These works were reviewed in this paper and summarized as follow:
1-In different class, orders and families were collected and identified and up to 200 species from different class, order and families were determined.Someof these collected arthropod’sare pests oof poplar and the other are either enthomophagous feeding on the other insects or their’s ecological roles in not defined.
2-The most important pests of poplar in northern provinces of Iran were determinded as, Capnodis miliaris miliaris Klug, Paranthrane tabaniformis Rott, Monosteira unicostata (Muls&Rey).Chaitophorus leucomelas Koch, Melasoma populi L,Gypsonoma aceriana, Nycteola asiatica, Ceruuura vinula, Steraunematus compressicornis.
1-The biology, life history, feeding behavior, number of generation and seasonal population dynamic of some important pests as; Capnodis miliaris, Paaranthrane tabaniformis Rott,Monosteira unicostata and Melasoma poppuli werw studied.
2- A great deal of insect,spiders and mites with predatory or parasitic role on their insect hosts were collected and identified. These entomophgous insects belong to insect’s families as, Coccinellidaae, Chrysopidae, Miridaee and Anthocoridae.
The eefficiency of Chrysoperla carnea, on Monosteira unicostata and Schizonotus sieboldi Ratzeburg on Melasoma populi were studied. Field and laboratories studies on the methods of pests control such as poplar clonal resistance against majors insects pests as, Paraanthrane tabaniformis Rott were carried out in this regions. In the base of theses experiment, poplar resistant colons can be used as the main methode for controlling poplar pests in IRAN. Mecanical, cultural, biological, use of light traps and the use of biorational products are the others elements of poplar pest management in IRAN.This poplar pest management program will be completed by using efficient beiogical agent and resistant poplar clones against the most destructive pests of poplar.