بررسی میزان مشارکت جنگل نشینان در مدیریت جنگل و چگونگی تقویت مشارکت (مطالعه موردی: منطقه بابلکنار شهرستان بابل)

نوع مقاله: علمی- پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 پژوهشگر، سازمان تحقیقات،آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی

2 هیات علمی سازمان تحقیقات،آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی

3 هیات علمی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد علوم و تحقیقات تهران

چکیده

در شرایط فعلی دست‌یابی به توسعه پایدار منابع‌طبیعی، مستلزم شناخت نقش و جایگاه مشارکت مردم محلی در فرایند حفظ، احیا و بهره‌برداری از منابع‌طبیعی است. این پژوهش که از نوع تحقیق‌های پیمایشی است با هدف بررسی میزان مشارکت جنگل‌نشینان در مدیریت جنگل و عامل‌های مؤثر بر مشارکت انجام شد. جامعه آماری تحقیق شامل 330 خانوار از جنگل‌نشینان شهرستان بابل در منطقه بابلکنار و 70  نفر از کارشناسان منابع‌طبیعی اداره کل منابع‌طبیعی استان مازندران است. با استفاده از جدول مورگان، تعداد 178 خانوار به‌عنوان نمونه جنگل‌نشین انتخاب شدند و کارشناسان اداره کل منابع‌طبیعی استان مازندران نیز از طریق سرشماری انتخاب شدند. اطلاعات و داده‌ها از طریق پرسشنامه جمع‌آوری و برای سنجش روایی ابزار تحقیق (پرسشنامه) از نظرات متخصصان و صاحب‌‌نظران علمی و اجرایی استفاده شد. با استفاده از آزمون آلفای کرونباخ، ضریب پایایی پرسشنامه جنگل‌نشینان 87/0a=  و کارشناسان
89/0= a تعیین شد. نتایج اقدامات انجام‌گرفته در مدیریت جنگل نشان داد که جنگل‌نشینان در فعالیت‌های حفظ و بهره‌برداری جنگل، مشارکت و عملکرد بهتر و بیشتری نسبت به احیای جنگل داشته‌اند. همچنین مشخص شد که رابطه مثبت و معنی‏داری بین متغیرهای میزان تحصیلات، سن، درآمد حاصل از فعالیت‌های کشاورزی، میزان ارتباط با مسئولین منابع طبیعی، میزان شرکت جنگل‌نشینان در دوره‌های آموزشی- ترویجی، میزان آگاهی و شناخت جنگل‌نشینان از فواید جنگل و میزان مدیریت صحیح اعمال‌شده توسط جنگل‌نشینان، رابطه معنی‌داری وجود دارد. درمجموع، پیشنهاد می‌شود که آگاهی و دانش جنگل‌نشینان در رابطه با مدیریت جنگل افزایش یابد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

A study on the participation level of forest dwellers and its effective factors in forest management (case study: Babolkenar area of Babol Township)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Bahram Habibi 1
  • hasan Alipour 2
  • Hadi Kiadaliri 3
1 Senior Research Expert, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization, Tehran, Iran
2 Assistant Professor, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization, Tehran, Iran.
3 Assistant Professor, Research and Science Branch of Tehran, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

The sustainable development of natural resources depends partially on identifying the role of local people’s participation in conservation, restoration and utilization of natural resources. This study aims at investigating of participation level of forest dwellers as well as the effective factors on their participation in forest management. Therefore, a number of 330 forest dweller households and 70 natural resources experts of natural resources headquarters of Mazandaran province in Babolkenar area of Babol Township were sampled for a survey research framework. It led to the selection of 178 households using Morgan table as well as 70 experts from natural resources headquarters via census. The required information was collected by means of questionnaires, which were validated using the executive and professional expertise. The reliability coefficients if 87 and 88 percent were determined by Cronbach’s alpha for forest dwellers and experts, respectively. Furthermore, forest management measures showed that the forest dwellers support conservation and utilization activities generally more than rehabilitation activities. In addition, a positive significant correlation was observed amongst the quality of the implemented management by forest dwellers and a set of factors including their education level, age, agricultural income, interaction with natural resources officers, participation in training courses and the level of awareness on forest benefits. As a conclusion, an improvement of awareness and knowledge of forest dwellers on forest management is suggested.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • natural resources
  • participation of local people
  • sound forest management
  • Sustainable development
- Abdolahpoor, M. 2000. People participation, exit from forest for sustainable development. Proceeding of the First Conference on Natural Resources, Participation and Development, Tehran, 19-20 Dec. 2000: 261-287 (In Persian).

- Adeli, K., Jalilvand, H., Yakhkeshi, A. and Fallah, A. 2008. Evaluating of forest sustainability affected by tribal forestry (Case study: Shoulabad-Lorestan, Iran). Iranian Journal of Forest and Poplar Research, 16(1): 23-37 (In Persian).

- Alirezanejad, S. 2000. The study of social forestry with women participation. Proceeding of the First Conference on Natural Resources, Participation and Development, Tehran, 19-20 Dec. 2000: 461-474 (In Persian).

- Asadi, A., Sharifzadeh, A. and Sharifi, M. 2009. Investigating patterns of local people participation in development process of Mangrove forests in South of Iran. Journal of the Iranian Natural Resources, 61(4): 849-865 (In Persian).

Darvish, A.K., Chizari, M. and Mirdamadi, S.M. 2009. Analysis of socio-economic factors influencing on adoption of agroforestry among poplar farmers in northern part of Iran. Iranian Journal of Forest and Poplar Research, 16(3): 486-494 (In Persian).

Feldman, A.L., Mora, J. and Taylor, J.E. 2007. Does Natural Resource Extraction Mitigate Poverty and Inequality? Evidence from Rural Mexico and a Lacandona Rainforest Community. Environment and Development Economics, 12: 251-269.

Ghazanfari, H. 2003. Study of growth and diameter distribution, in order to preparing the forest regulation method on Baneh region (Case study: Havare-Khol). Ph.D. thesis, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Karaj, 88p (In Persian).

Gorgin Karaji, M. 2004. Strategy of sustainable operation management based on ecologic principles in Komazaran Kordestan. M.Sc. thesis, Faculty of Natural Resources, Mazandaran University, Sari, 136p (In Persian).

Heydari, Q., Barani, H., Aghili, S.M., Ghorbani, J. and Mahboobi, M.R. 2011. The relationship between the support services and extension and participation of ranchers in rangeland restoration (Case study: Baladeh rangelands, north of Iran). Journal of Water and Soil Conservation, 17(4): 47-56 (In Persian).

Heydarpour Tutkale, Z., Shabanali Fami, H., Asadi, A. and Malek Mohammadi, I. 2008. A study on the role of membership in forestry cooperatives in the revitalization of forestry resources in the western part of Mazandaran province. Journal of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, 15(1): 21-38 (In Persian).

Heydarpour Tutkale, Z., Shabanali Fami, H., Asadi, A. and Malek Mohammadi, I. 2009. The role of membership in forestry cooperatives in the utilization of forestry resources in the western part of Mazandaran province. Taavon, 210 & 211: 91-115 (In Persian).

Khalighi, N., Chakoshy, B. and Kia, M. 2006. A study of the role of population, indigenous technology and ownership in people's exploitation (Chahkand watershed, Birjand). Journal of the Iranian Natural Resources, 59(1): 741-757 (In Persian).

Khatoun Abadi, S.A. 2006. Human participation and two sides relationship, framework for formation of natural resources preserver groups and sustainable development. Publication of Rural Development Institute, 134p (In Persian).

- Mamo, G., Sjaastad, E. and Vedeld, P. 2007. Economic dependence on forest resources: a case from Dendi District, Ethiopia. Forest Policy and Economics, 9: 916-927.

Marvi Mohajer, M.R. 2005. Silviculture. Tehran University Press, 387p (In Persian).

 Mirakzadeh, A.A., Bahrami, M. and Ghiasvand Ghiasy, F. 2011. Analysis of the effective factors on sustainable exploitation of forest's wood (Case study: Dejhen village in Kamyaran County). Journal of Forest and Wood Products, 64(1): 91-106 (In Persian).

Mir Rajabi, H. 2004. The role of management in improvement of socio-economic condition of villagers in forest regions (Case study: Yakhkesh Behshahr). M.Sc. thesis, Faculty of Natural Resources, Mazandaran University, Sari, 142p (In Persian).

- Rafiee, H. and Amirnejad, H. 2011. Public preferences and willingness to pay for preservation of Mazandaran forests (Case study: Soleyman-Tangeh-Sari). Journal of Forest and Wood Products, 63(4): 355-367 (In Persian).

 Rezvanfar, A. 2000. People participation in social forestry. Proceeding of the first conference on Natural Resources, Participation and Development, Tehran, 19-20 Dec. 2000: 109-129 (In Persian).

- Sadeghi Garmaroodi, M. 2000. The role of people participation in conservation, restoration, development and utilization of natural resources. Proceeding of the First Conference on Natural Resources, Participation and Development, Tehran, 19-20 Dec. 2000: 433-446 (In Persian).

- Samari, D. and Chizari, M., 2005. Designing the appropriate model of community forestry extension for the development of forests in Zagros habitat. Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 11(3): 31-48 (In Persian).

- Setayesh, N. 1998. The guideline of forester in people participation and extension plans (Translation). Publication of Tehran Jahad-e-Sabz Company, 114p (In Persian).

- Shahidi Zand, K. 1997. The study of effective factors on users participation in rangeland restoration. Journal of Forest and Rangeland, 35: 23-35 (In Persian).

- Shariati, M., Ziadbakhsh, S. and Varamini, N. 2005. The effective factors on participation of forest-dwellers in conservation of north and west forests of the country. Journal of Forest and Rangeland, 67: 47-57 (In Persian).

- Shirin Sarand, R. 2001. The study of effective factors on users participation in conservation and restoration of rangeland of Tabriz Township. M.Sc. thesis, (Unpublished) of Shahid Sardari Institute of Higher Education, Institute of Applied Scientific Higher education of Ministry of Jahad-e-Keshavarzi, 94p (In Persian).

- Soltani, G.R. 1997. The role of socio-economic factors in utilization management of country’s rangelands. Proceeding of the first conference on Rangeland and Rage Management in Iran, Isfahan, 16-18 Aug. 1997: 47-55 (In Persian).

- Soltani, A., Shamekhi, T., Noori Naini, S.M. and Arab Bazar, A. 2010. The effect of forest and national development in income distribution and poverty level case study: Tang-e-Tamoradi watershed. Journal of Forest and wood Products, 63(4): 369-385 (In Persian).

- Tavakoli, K.H. 1996. The social barriers of rural development of Saghez township. M.Sc. thesis, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, Isfahan University, Isfahan, 142p (In Persian).

Warner, K. 2000. Forestry and sustainable livelihoods. Journal of Unasylva, 51(3): 3-12.

- Zibaei, M. and Telikani, Sh. 2010. Ranking Goals of Stockmen in Tonekabon’s jungle using fuzzy pair-wise comparison and simple ranking methods. Journal of Agricultural Economics and Development, 69: 139-165 (In Persian).