اثر کود دامی و ورمی‌‌کمپوست بر ویژگی‌های رشدی درختچه ‌‌پر (Cotinus coggygria) تحت تنش شوری در شرایط گلخانه

نوع مقاله: علمی- پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد، گروه علوم باغبانی، دانشکده کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه اردکان، اردکان ، ایران

2 استادیار، گروه علوم باغبانی، دانشکده کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه اردکان، اردکان، ایران

3 استادیار، گروه علوم باغبانی، دانشکده کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه اردکان، اردکان ، ایران

4 استادیار، مرکز ملی تحقیقات شوری، سازمان تحقیقات، آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی، یزد، ایران

چکیده

درختچه پر (Cotinus coggygria Scop.) از گونه‌های جذاب زینتی است که خواص دارویی فراوانی دارد. در پژوهش پیش‌رو، اثر سطوح مختلف شوری بر رشد این گیاه و تأثیر کود گاوی و ورمی‌‌کمپوست بر افزایش مقاومت به شوری گیاه به‌‌صورت یک آزمایش فاکتوریل در قالب طرح کامل تصادفی، شامل سه سطح مواد اصلاحی به‌صورت 1) خاک زراعی، 2) 80 درصد خاک زراعی + 20 درصد ورمی‌کمپوست و 3) 80 درصد خاک زراعی + 20 درصد کود گاوی کاملاً پوسیده و شوری آب آبیاری در سه سطح (یک، چهار و هفت دسی‌‌زیمنس بر متر) در سه تکرار بررسی شد. در این آزمایش، بستر بدون کود به‌عنوان شاهد درنظر گرفته شد. نتایج نشان داد که با افزایش سطح شوری، شاخص‌‌های رشد و زی‌‌توده تر و خشک گیاه به‌‌طور معنی‌‌داری کاهش یافتند. بیشترین ارتفاع و قطر در گیاهان شاهد و در سطح شوری یک دسی‌‌زیمنس بر متر به‌دست آمد. تیمار ورمی‌‌کمپوست بهتر از شاهد و کود گاوی منجر به افزایش زی‌‌توده تر و خشک ساقه شد. بیشترین زی‌‌توده تر و خشک ساقه به‌‌ترتیب با 230/8 و 123/36 گرم در بیشترین سطح شوری (هفت دسی‌‌زیمنس بر متر) و در تیمار ورمی‌‌کمپوست به‌دست آمد. در سطوح متوسط و زیاد شوری (چهار و هفت دسی‌‌زیمنس بر متر) کود ورمی‌‌کمپوست بهتر از کود گاوی منجر به افزایش سطح برگ شد. استفاده از کود دامی و ورمی‌‌کمپوست توانست سدیم و کلر برگ را نسبت به شاهد کاهش دهد و باعث افزایش‌ مقدار پتاسیم شود. به‌‌طور کلی، استفاده از کود گاوی و ورمی‌‌کمپوست توانست ویژگی‌های رشدی درختچه پر و جذب عناصر غذایی را در شرایط شور نسبت به شاهد بهبود دهد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effects of cow manure and vermicompost on growth characteristics of smoke tree (Cotinus coggygria Scop.) under salt stress under greenhouse

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ali Moghimi Banadkooki 1
  • Maryam Dehestani Ardakani 2
  • Mostafa Shirmardi 3
  • Ali Momenpour 4
1 M.Sc. Student, Department of Horticultural Science, College of Agriculture & Natural Resources, Ardakan University, Ardakan, Iran
2 Assistant Prof., Department of Horticultural Science, College of Agriculture & Natural Resources, Ardakan University, Ardakan, Iran
3 Assistant Prof., Department of Horticultural Science, College of Agriculture & Natural Resources, Ardakan University, Ardakan, Iran
4 Assistant Prof., National Salinity Research Center, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Yazd, Iran
چکیده [English]

    Smoke tree (Cotinus coggygria Scop.) is an attractive ornamental species that has medicinal properties. In this study, the effects of different levels of salt on plant growth and cow manure and vermicompost on increasing the salt tolerance of plant were investigated. In a factorial experiment and completely randomized design (CRD), three levels of organic amendments (1- soil, 2- 80% v/v soil + 20% v/v vermicompost, 3- 80% v/v soil + 20% v/v cow manure) and three levels of salinity (1, 4 and 7 dS.m-1) with three replications per treatments were applied. In this experiment, media without organic amendment was considered as control. Results showed that increasing soil salinity levels progressively decreased the growth characteristics and fresh and dry weight of plant. The highest height and diameter were observed in control plants and in 1 dS.m-1 salinity. Vermicompost treatment better than control and cow manure increased fresh and dry weight of shoot. The highest fresh and dry weight of shoots by 230.8 and 123.36 g respectively, were obtained in the highest salinity level (7 dS.m-1) and vermicompost treatment. In moderate and high levels of salt stress (4 and 7 dS.m-1) vermicompost better than cow manure could increase leaf area. Cow manure and vermicompost could reduce sodium and chloride of leaf to control and increase its potassium. Generally, the use of cow manure and vermicompost could improve the growth characteristics and nutrient absorption of plant under salt condition compare to the control.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Chlorine
  • necrosis
  • ornamental shrub
  • sodium
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