ارزیابی کمی فراوانی درختان زیستگاهی و خشک‌دارها در توده‌های راش (Fagus orientalis Lipsky) جنگل‏‌های سیاهکل گیلان

نوع مقاله: علمی- پژوهشی

نویسنده

استادیار، دانشکده کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل، ایران

چکیده

DOR: 98.1000/1735-0883.1397.26.331.73.3.1575.1606
 
به‌منظور حفاظت از تنوع زیستی در مدیریت یکپارچه بوم‌‏سازگان‏‌های جنگلی نیاز به اطلاعات پایه از درختان زیستگاهی وجود دارد. با توجه به چالش‏‌های موجود در ارزیابی سطح تنوع جانداران در بوم‌سازگان‏‌های جنگلی، وضعیت درختان زیستگاهی می‏‌تواند بیان‏‌کننده سطح تنوع گونه‌ای باشد. این پژوهش به‌منظور ارزیابی فراوانی شکل‏‌های مختلف درختان زیستگاهی و خشک‌دارها در جنگل‏‌های راش شرقی (Fagus orientalis Lipsky) در شرق گیلان انجام شد. سه قطعه یک هکتاری در سری شیرقلایه انتخاب و در هر قطعه، مشخصه‏‌های تمامی درختان زنده و درختان زیستگاهی اندازه‏‌گیری شد. میانگین حجم درختان خشک، 43 متر مکعب در هر هکتار به‏‌دست آمد. بیشتر از نیمی از خشک‏‌دارها به ‏شکل افتاده در طبقه قطور و در مراحل پیشرفته پوسیدگی بودند. در مجموع، 81 درخت دارای خردزیستگاه (15/4 درصد از کل درختان) ثبت­ شد. بیشترین فراوانی درختان زیستگاهی مربوط به راش و درختان دارای حفره (8/35 درصد) بود. پس از آن، درختان دارای شکاف تنه‏‌ای و قارچ‏‌های ماکروسکوپی به‌ترتیب بیشترین فراوانی را داشتند. کمترین قطر و محیط برابر سینه برای درختان زیستگاهی به‌ترتیب 35 و 110 سانتی‌‏متر به‏‌دست آمد. بر اساس نتایج این بررسی توصیه می‏‌شود که حداقل 15 درصد از کل درختان با قطر حداقل 40 سانتی‌متر (به‌ویژه درختان قطورتر از 150 سانتی‏‌متر) در جنگل‏‌های مشابه انتخاب و نگهداری شوند. با توجه به این نکته که برخی از انواع درختان زیستگاهی مانند درختان قطور توخالی یا درختان دارای غده‌های متورم در دوره زمانی بلندمدت ایجاد می‌‏شوند، لازم است تا توجه کافی در نگهداری آن­‌ها در قیاس با شکل‌‏های قابل تجدید مانند درختان حفره‏‌دار به‌عمل آید.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Quantitative evaluation of habitat and dead tree abundance in the oriental beech (Fagus orientalis Lipsky) stands, case study from the Siahkal Forests

نویسنده [English]

  • Kiomars Sefidi
Assistant Prof., Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran
چکیده [English]

In order to maintain biodiversity in the integrated management of forest ecosystems, there is a need for basic information on habitat trees. Regarding the challenges in assessing the level of animal diversity in forest ecosystems, the status of habitat trees can indicate the level of species diversity. This research was conducted to evaluate the abundance of different forms of habitat and dead trees within beech stands in eastern Gilan. Three one-hectare study area were selected in the Shirgalayeh forest management plan area and in each area the characteristics of all living, dead and habitat trees were measured. The mean of dead volume was 43 cubic meters per hectare. More than half of the dead volume were recorded log form and advanced stages of decay. A total of 81 trees with a sign of microhabitat equal to 15.4 percent of the total trees were recorded. Beech trees with cavities (n = 29, 35.8%) was the most frequent habitat trees after that Cracks and Fruitbodies of saproxylic fungi were the most frequent habitat tree, respectively. The minimum diameter and perimeter for habitat trees were 35 and 110 cm, respectively. Based on the results of this research, it is recommended that at least 15% of the total trees with a diameter of at least 40 cm (especially trees larger than 150 cm) should be selected and maintained in the forests stands. According to this fact that some types of habitat trees, such as hollow trees or trees with outgrowth (Burr) created in the long term, need to be given sufficient attention to keep them in compare with renewable habitats such as cavities.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Biodiversity
  • cavity
  • crack
  • root-buttress cavity
  • Shirghalayeh
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