بررسی اثرهای اجتماعی زوال جنگل‌های بلوط ایرانی (Quercus brantii Lindl) (مطالعه موردی: روستاهای شهرستان ملکشاهی استان ایلام)

نوع مقاله: علمی- پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد توسعه روستایی، گروه کارآفرینی و توسعه روستایی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه ایلام، ایلام، ایران

2 استادیار گروه کارآفرینی و توسعه روستایی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه ایلام، ایلام، ایران

3 استادیار گروه علوم جنگل، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه ایلام، ایلام، ایران

چکیده

هدف از انجام این پژوهش، بررسی اثرهای اجتماعی زوال جنگل‌های بلوط ایرانی (Quercus brantii Lindl) از دیدگاه جنگل‌نشینان بود. جامعه آماری پژوهش، 216 نفر از جنگل­‌نشینان شهرستان ملکشاهی استان ایلام بودند که با استفاده از فرمول کوکران  برآورد و به روش نمونه‌گیری طبقه­‌ای- تصادفی انتخاب شدند. ابزار گردآوری داده‌­ها، پرسش‌نامه­‌ای بود که بر اساس بررسی پیشینه پژوهش و مصاحبه با کارشناسان تدوین شد. بر اساس تحلیل عاملی، اثرهای اجتماعی زوال جنگل‌های بلوط بر زندگی روستاییان شهرستان ملکشاهی در هشت عامل خلاصه شدند، بدین‌ترتیب که 12/60 درصد از واریانس کل به عامل کاهش کیفیت زندگی، 10/64 درصد به کاهش مسئولیت‌پذیری، 9/88 درصد به کاهش مشارکت اجتماعی، 9/70 درصد به کاهش اعتماد اجتماعی، 8/56 درصد به کاهش شبکه روابط اجتماعی، 6/94 درصد به تغییر نگرش به شغل کشاورزی و دامپروری، 6/78  درصد به کاهش رضایت از دولت و 4/91 درصد به عامل افزایش مهاجرت مرتبط بودند. عامل‌های مذکور 70/02 درصد از کل واریانس را تبیین کردند. بنابراین، بیشترین تأثیر اجتماعی زوال جنگل‌های بلوط بر کاهش کیفیت زندگی جنگل‌نشینان بود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Investigation on social effects of Brant`s oak (Quercus brantii Lindl.) decline (Case study: Rural areas of Malekshahi county in Ilam province)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Soheyla Ghorbani 1
  • Homayoun Moradnezhadi 2
  • Mehdi Heydari 3
1 M.Sc. Rural Development, Department of Entrepreneurship and Rural Development, Faculty of Agriculture, Ilam University, Ilam, Iran
2 Assistant Prof., Department of Entrepreneurship and Rural Development, Faculty of Agriculture, Ilam University, Ilam, Iran
3 Assistant Prof., Department of Forest Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Ilam University, Ilam, Iran
چکیده [English]

The aim of this study was investigating the social effects of Brant`s oak (Quercus brantii Lindl.) decline from the forest dwellers point of view. The sample size included 216 persons of Malekshahi county in Ilam province using Cochran formula and stratified-random sampling method. Data were collected by distributing a questionnaire prepared based on the research background, literature review and interview with experts. Factor analysis with exploratory approach was used for identifying and categorizing social effects of oak decline. Based on results, the effecting factors could be categorized in eight groups. Reduction of life quality (12.60%), reduction of responsibility (10.64%), reduction of social participation (9.88%), reduction of social trust (9.70%), reduction of social network of relationships (8.56%), changing attitudes to agriculture and animal husbandry (6.94%), reducing satisfaction from the government (6.78%) and increase in migration (4.91%) were most important factors and social consequences of oak decline on villagers. The mentioned factors explained 70.02% of the total variance. Hence, one can conclude that maximum social impact of oak decline would affect the life quality of people in the study area.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Forest dweller
  • oak decline
  • quality of life
  • responsibility
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