عنوان مقاله [English]
Changes in rainfall interception and consequently in water balance cause essential effects on reforestation by indigenous and exotic tree species in the degraded areas of the Caspian forests. The aim of the present study was to compare the interception of Quercus castaneifolia, Acer velutium, and Pinus brutia plantations during the growing season in Darabkola Forest in eastern part of Mazandaran province in northern Iran. The amount of rainfall (GR) and throughfall (TF) were measured from May to November 2012 by 6 and 20 polyethylene manual gauges with 8 cm diameter each. The rainfall interception was estimated as the difference between TF and GR. During the measurement period 20 rainfall events were recorded. The amount of cumulative GR depth was 346.5 mm. Moreover, the cumulative rainfall interception of Q. castaneifolia, A. velutium, and P. brutia were 86.2 mm, 107.9 mm and 178.3 mm, respectively. The results showed that the rainfall interception was higher during the dry season, from April to September. In addition, significant correlations were observed between rainfall interception and the relative interception for the three plantations (r2 =0.781, 0.716 and 0.618 for Q. castaneifolia, A. velutium and P. brutia, respectively). It is concluded that estimating the amount of rainfall interception is crucial for selecting adapted species for reforestation in the Caspian forests. It is also a prerequisite for calculation of the water balance within reforestations.