رویکرد ترکیبی در ارزیابی معیارها و شاخص‌های مدیریت پایدار جنگل در سطح محلی (مطالعه موردی: حوضه آبخیز لیرابی، استان چهارمحال و بختیاری)

نوع مقاله: علمی- پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری جنگل‌داری، گروه جنگل‌داری، دانشکده کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه لرستان، خرم آباد، ایران

2 استادیار، گروه جنگل‌داری، دانشکده کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه لرستان، خرم آباد، ایران

3 دانشجوی دکتری جنگل‌داری، گروه علوم جنگل، دانشکده منابع طبیعی و علوم زمین، دانشگاه شهرکرد، شهرکرد، ایران

چکیده

مدیریت پایدار یک واحد مدیریتی جنگل مستلزم سازگار کردن معیارها و شاخص‌های بین‌المللی و ملی در سطح محلی است. در پژوهش پیش‌رو با استفاده از رویکردی ترکیبی شامل روش بالا به پایین و پایین به بالا و با بهره‌گیری از نظر همه دست‌اندرکاران اصلی و گروه کارشناسی و همچنین استفاده از تکنیک پشتیبانی تصمیم ترکیبی سوات و فرایند تجزیه تحلیل سلسله‌مراتبی، معیارها و شاخص‌های پایداری در سطح حوزه آبخیز لیرابی استان چهارمحال و بختیاری تعیین و اولویت‌بندی شد. از بین 10 معیار و 48 شاخص اولیه، شش معیار و 30 شاخص محلی متناسب با وضعیت حوزه انتخاب شد. نتایج به‌دست‌آمده از وزن‌دهی معیارها و شاخص‌ها نشان داد که کارکردهای اقتصادی و اجتماعی و کارکرد‌های حمایتی و حفاظتی دارای بیشترین وزن در بین معیارهای تعیین‌شده بودند. در بین شاخص‌های تعیین‌شده برای هر معیار، شاخص‌های مدیریت دام و کاهش خسارت‌های ناشی از آن، تقویت نیروهای حفاظتی، توسعه سطح جنگل‌کاری‌های اقتصادی و مشارکتی، افزایش تولید محصولات فرعی جنگل، مشارکت جوامع محلی در منافع حاصل از جنگل و تساوی حقوق، آموزش مشاغل جایگزین با نظر جوامع محلی و ایجاد مکانیسم مناسب برای حل تضادها و نقاط اختلافی بین مردم و منابع طبیعی دارای بیشترین وزن بودند. از نتایج این پژوهش می‌توان به‌عنوان راهنمایی برای توسعه معیارها و شاخص‌های محلی بهره برد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Integrative approach to evaluation criteria and indices of sustainable forest management at the local level (Case study: Lirabi Watershed, Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari province)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Seyyedeh Zahra Hosseini 1
  • Rahim Maleknia 2
  • Hamdollah Sadeghi 3
1 Ph.D. Student Forestry, Department of Forestry, Faculty of Agricultural and Natural Resources, Lorestan University, Khoramabad, Iran
2 Assistant Prof., Department of Forestry, Faculty Agricultural and Natural Resources, Lorestan University, Khoramabad, Iran
3 Ph.D. Student, Department of Forest Science, Faculty of Natural Resources and Earth Science, University of Shahrekord, Shahrekord, Iran
چکیده [English]

Sustainable management of a forest management unit requires adapting to international and national criteria and indices at the local level. In this study, criteria and indices of sustainability were determined and prioritized in Lirabi watershed of Ardal in Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari province. According to the local condition, 6 criteria and 30 indices from the initial 10 criteria and 48 indices were selected. The results of weighting criteria showed that economic and social, conservation and protection functions are of greatest weight amongst the others. Amongst the indices, the following were determined to be of greatest importance: livestock management and its contribution to reduce damages, strengthening of protective forces, economic development and participatory afforestation, increasing the non-wood forest products, involving and equal rights of local communities in the benefits of forest, training the locals for alternative jobs and developing mechanisms for resolving conflicts between people and the Department of Natural Resources. The results of this study can be used as a guide to develop local criteria and indices.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Analytical Hierarchy Process
  • Multi-criteria decision making
  • ranking
  • SWOT

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