عنوان مقاله [English]
According to the positive role and symbiosis of ectomycorrhizal fungi for absorbing water and nutrition and transferring to trees, identification of them are of great importance. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between recognized ectomycorrhizal fungi and some soil chemical properties in the Flourd series of Farim forests, Mazandaran province. Forty five beech trees were measured in three elevation classes (1200-1500, 1500-1800, and 1800-2100m a.s.l.) and samples were taken from the root tips at a depth of 10 cm. ITS nrDNA was replicated and sequenced using ITS1F and ITS4B or ITS4 primer pairs, then was corrected by BioEdit software and studied in NCBI. After specified the desired tree for sampling root tips, a sample was taken next to the same tree at a depth of 10 cm to examine of soil chemical properties. The results of this study showed that 10 different families were identified that the most symbiosis was in the Russulaceae and Cortinariaceae families. The results showed that edaphic factors such as soil pH, N, P, K, and C in the first elevation were higher than two other elevations. Moreover, the results of statistical analysis showed that P, K, and pH had a significant difference. Our results suggested that forest site conditions and tree diversity can influence on soil properties and the richness of ectomycorrhizal fungi and consequently on forest ecosystem dynamic.
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