شناسایی و اولویت‌بندی عوامل مؤثر بر مشارکت بهره‌برداران محلی در مدیریت، حفظ و احیاء جنگل‌های بلوط استان لرستان

نوع مقاله: علمی- پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد اقتصاد کشاورزی، گروه مهندسی اقتصاد کشاورزی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه شهید باهنر کرمان، کرمان، ایران

2 دانشیار، گروه مهندسی اقتصاد کشاورزی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه شهید باهنر کرمان، کرمان، ایران

3 استادیار، گروه مهندسی اقتصاد کشاورزی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه شهید باهنر کرمان، کرمان، ایران

4 استادیار، گروه اقتصاد کشاورزی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه بوعلی‌‌سینا، همدان، ایران

چکیده

DOR: 98.1000/1735-0883.1397.26.393.73.3.1588.1606
 
جنگل‌های زاگرس گسترده‌ترین عرصه جنگلی ایران محسوب می‌شوند که در زندگی و معیشت جوامع محلی از جایگاهی ویژه برخوردار هستند. همین امر باعث وابستگی شدید مردم محلی به جنگل‌ها و افزایش روند تخریب جنگل‌های زاگرس شده است. از این‌رو، برنامه‌ریزی برای جلوگیری از تخریب بیشتر و مدیریت اصولی به‌منظور حفظ و احیاء این جنگل‌ها ضروری است. بنابراین در این مطالعه، عوامل مؤثر بر مشارکت بهره‌برداران محلی در مدیریت، حفظ و احیاء جنگل‌های بلوط استان لرستان شناسایی و رتبه‌بندی شدند. جامعه آماری این پژوهش، خبرگان منابع طبیعی و محیط زیست استان لرستان بود. جمع‌آوری اطلاعات و داده‌های تحقیق با استفاده از پیمایش میدانی و تکمیل 20 پرسش‌­نامه انجام شد. برای تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌ها از روش تحلیل سلسله‌مراتبی (AHP) استفاده شد. طبق نتایج به‌دست‌آمده، عوامل اقتصادی نسبت به عوامل اجتماعی، محیط زیستی و زیرساختی بیشترین وزن را در مشارکت بهره‌برداران محلی در مدیریت، حفظ و احیاء جنگل‌های بلوط استان لرستان داشتند و در رتبه اول قرار گرفتند. پیشنهاد می‌شود که تنوع شغلی برای ساکنان جنگل ایجاد شود تا باعث افزایش درآمد و به‌دنبال آن، کاهش وابستگی مردم محلی به جنگل شود. در این صورت از تخریب جنگل جلوگیری شده و انگیزه برای مشارکت و حفاظت مردم محلی نیز بیشتر می‌شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Identification and ranking of factors affecting lack of participation of local beneficiaries in management, preservation and reclamation of Lorestan oak forests

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ahmad Afrough 1
  • Mohammad Reza Zare Mehrjerdi 2
  • Somayyeh Amirtaimoori 3
  • Hamid Reza Mirzaei Khalilababdi 3
  • Mostafa Baniasadi 4
1 M.Sc. of Agricultural Economics, Department of Agricultural Economics Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Keraman, Iran
2 Associate Prof., Department of Agricultural Economics Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture, Shahid Bahonar University of Keraman, Keraman, Iran
3 Assistant Prof., Department of Agricultural Economics Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture, Shahid Bahonar University of Keraman, Keraman, Iran
4 Assistant Prof., Department of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, Bu Ali Sina University, Hamedan, Iran
چکیده [English]

Zagros forests as the most extensive forests in Iran have a special place for living and livelihood of local communities. Therefore, planning to prevent further degradation and proper management in order to preserve and restore these forests is necessary. Therefore, in this study, the effective factors on participation of local beneficiaries in management, preservation and reclamation of oak forests of Lorestan are identified and ranked. The statistical population of this research consisted of experts in natural resources and environment and collecting data using field Scrolling and completing 20 questionnaires. Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) has been used to analyze the data. The results show that economic factors relative to social, environmental and infrastructure factors most weight in participation of foresters in management, preservation and restoration of oak forests of Lorestan ranked first. By creating a variety of jobs for forest residents, their income will increase, and as a result, the dependence of local people on the forest will be reduced, resulting in increased participation and protection.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Analytical Hierarchy Process
  • Forest management
  • livelihood of local communities
  • local participation
  • oak forests

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