پایش سلامت جسمانی کارکنان طرح‌های جنگل‌داری استان گلستان

نوع مقاله: علمی- پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار، دانشکده علوم جنگل، دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی گرگان، گرگان، ایران

2 دکترای داروسازی، دانشکده داروسازی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی و خدمات بهداشتی درمانی مازندران، ساری، ایران

3 دانشجوی کارشناسی ‌ارشد جنگل‌داری، دانشکده علوم جنگل، دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی گرگان، گرگان، ایران

چکیده

برای رفع مشکلات موجود در محیط­‌های کار به‌­ویژه در امور جنگل­‌داری که از مشاغل سخت به­‌شمار می‌­آید، لازم است سلامت جسمانی افراد مورد مطالعه و پایش قرار گیرد. هدف از این پژوهش، پایش سلامت جسمانی کارکنان طرح‌­های جنگل­‌داری غرب استان گلستان بود. چهل و دو نفر از کارکنان طرح­‌های­ جنگل­‌داری در سه گروه قرق­‌بانان، کارکنان اداری و رانندگان ماشین­‌آلات سنگین انتخاب شدند. اطلاعات پیکرشناسی (آنتروپومتری) آن‌ها شامل سن، قد و وزن به­‌صورت سالانه اندازه­‌گیری و شاخص توده بدنی و نرخ متابولیسم پایه آن­‌ها محاسبه شد. سپس، فشارخون این افراد در پنج سال متوالی (1389 تا 1393) به­‌کمک دستگاه فشارسنج جیوه­‌ای و کلسترول، تری­‌گلیسیرید و قند خون آن­ها در سه سال متوالی (1391 تا 1393) اندازه­‌گیری شد. نتایج نشان داد که فراوانی افراد با چاقی مفرط در گروه اداری به‌­طور معنی­‌داری بیشتر از سایر گروه‌­ها بود. قرق‌­بانان بیش از سایر گروه‌­ها دارای وزن ایده­‌آل و طبیعی بودند. نرخ متابولیسم پایه رانندگان ماشین­‌آلات سنگین 1804/88، کارکنان اداری 1766/63 و قرق‌­بانان 1747/98 کالری به‌دست آمد. طی سال­‌های 1391 تا 1393، قند و کلسترول کل خون افراد به­‌طور معنی‌­داری افزایش پیدا کرد. قرق‌­بانان دارای بیشترین قند خون و رانندگان ماشین‌­آلات سنگین دارای بیشترین کلسترول خون در مقایسه با سایر گروه‌­ها بودند. کمترین مقدار تری­‌گلیسیرید در کارکنان اداری مشاهده شد. 91 درصد کارکنان اداری دارای فشار خون سیستولیک نرمال و 100 درصد آن‌­ها دارای فشار دیاستولیک نرمال بودند که از این نظر وضعیت بهتری نسبت به سایر گروه­‌ها داشتند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Monitoring physical health of the staff in forest management plans of Golestan province

نویسندگان [English]

  • Aidin Parsakhoo 1
  • Negar Rasouli 2
  • Mehran Rezaee Jumkhaneh 3
1 Assistant Prof., Faculty of Forest Sciences, Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Gorgan, Iran
2 Ph.D. Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran
3 M.Sc. Student Forestry, Faculty of Forest Sciences, Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Gorgan, Iran
چکیده [English]

In order to solve problems in working environments, especially forestry operations which are classified as hard job, the physical health of the staff should be studied and monitored. The objective of this research was to monitor the health of staff in forest management plans of western part of Golestan province. In this study, 42 forestry personnel including forest guards, administrative personnel and heavy machines drivers were selected. Anthropometry information including age, height and weight of personnel was measured annually and then body mass index (BMI) and basal metabolic rate (BMR) was calculated. The blood pressure of personnel was measured using pressure meter for five years (2010-2014) and the cholesterol, triglyceride and blood sugar was measured for three years (2012-2014). Results showed that the BMI with high value for administrative personnel was significantly more than that of other groups. Weight of forest guards was more ideal and natural in compare to other groups. Basal metabolic rate for heavy machines drivers, administrative personnel and forest guards were 1804.88, 1766.63 and 1747.98 calories, respectively. Blood sugar and cholesterol significantly increased during years of 2012 to 2014. Forest guards had the highest blood sugar and heavy machines drivers had highest blood cholesterol in compare to other groups. Lowest triglyceride was observed for administrative staff. Ninety one percent of administrative personnel had normal systolic blood pressure and 100% of them had normal diastolic pressure which indicates better condition in compare to other groups.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Administrative personnel
  • anthropometry
  • blood variables
  • driver
  • forest guard

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