عنوان مقاله [English]
One of the most important principles of clean development management (CDM) is to maintain or increase organic carbon pool in the natural ecosystems. As keeping the biodiversity is one of the prominent criteria of sustainable development, this study was conducted to study the relationship between the amount of carbon sequestration and plant biodiversity in the natural stands of Alder-Ironwood (AI), Maple- Ironwood (MI) and Elm-Hornbeam (EH) in the Noor Forest Park, Mazandaran province. The main purpose was to see if variation of plant biodiversity represents the optimal monitoring of soil carbon stock in the studied forest. The common diversity indices related to the different plant storeys were calculated in the random distributed plots with 400 m2 and five repetitions in each stand. Furthermore, the 0- 20 and 20 – 40 cm soil depths were sampled in each stand to measure carbon factor. The results showed significant differences amongst the plant biodiversity indices of the studied stands. Only the index of species richness and species dominance of tree storey was not significantly different among the stands. As such, the findings showed that the AI stand had significantly less soil carbon stock in different soil layers compared to other stands; however, the soil organic carbon was significantly higher in the different soil depths in the MI stand. The results of Pearson’s correlation test showed a significant relationship between tree species dominance and mineral layer of soil carbon stock, implying that density and dispersion of dominant tree species in the stands prominently affect the carbon stock of the soil mineral layer. As such, the following results indicated that potential level of carbon pool of soil organic and mineral layers are significantly correlated with the abundance and evenness of herbal storey. Therefore, coverage and distribution of herbal species in the studied forest can be considered to represent the carbon pool weight in the different soil horizons.
- Cantarello, E., Newton, A.C. and Hill, R.A., 2011. Potential effects of future land-use change on regional carbon stocks in the UK. Environmental Science & Policy, 14: 40-52.
- Caparros, A. and Jacquemont, F., 2003. Conﬂicts between biodiversity and carbon sequestration programs: Economic and legal implications. Ecological Economics, 46: 143-157.
- Eshaghi Rad, J., Zahedi Amiri, G.H., Marvi Mohajer, M.R. and Matji, A., 2009. Relationship between vegetation and physical and chemical properties of soil in Fagetum communities (Case study: Kheiroudkenar forest). Iranian Journal of Forest and Poplar Research, 2: 175-187 (In Persian).
- Esmailzadeh, O. and Hoseini, S.M., 2012. Relationship between ecological species group and plant biodiversity indices in yew reserve of Afratakhteh. Iranian Journal of Environment Science, 43: 21-30 (In Persian).
- Faraji, F., Mataji, A., Babayi-Kafaki, S. and Vahedi, A., 2015. The relationship between plant diversity and above-ground biomass changes in Fagus orientalis L. forests (Case study: Hajikola-Tirankoli, Sari). Iranian Journal of Forest, 7(2): 151-165 (In Persian).
- Houghton, R.A., 2005. Aboveground forest biomass and the global carbon balance. Global Change Biology, 11: 945-958.
- Jandl, R., Lindner, M., Vesterdal, L., Bauwens, B., Baritz, R., Hagedorn, F., Johnson, D.W., Minkkinen, K. and Byrne, K.A., 2007. How strongly can forest management influence soil carbon sequestration? Geoderma, 137: 253-268.
- Jimenez, J.J., Lal, R., Leblanc, H.A. and Russo, R.O., 2007. Soil organic carbon pool under native tree plantations in the Caribbean lowlands of Costa Rica. Forest Ecology and Management, 241: 134-144.
- Kirby, K.R. and Potvin, C., 2007. Variation in carbon storage among tree species: Implications for the management of a small-scale carbon sink project. Forest Ecology and Management, 246: 208-221.
- Koziell, I. and Swingland, I.R., 2002. Collateral Biodiversity Beneﬁts Associated with ‘Free-market’ Approaches to Sustainable Land Use and Forestry Activities. In: Swingland, I.R. (Ed.). Capturing Carbon and Conserving Biodiversity: The Market Approach. Earthscan, London, 368p.
- Lal, R., 2005. Forest soils and carbon sequestration. Forest Ecology and Management, 220: 242-258.
- Leader-Williams, N., 2002. Animal Conservation, Carbon and Sustainability. In: Swingland, I.R. (Ed.). Capturing Carbon and Conserving Biodiversity: The Market Approach. Earthscan, London, 368pp.
- Mahmoudi Taleghani, E., Zahedi Amiri, G.H., Adeli, E. and Sagheb-Talebi, Kh., 2007. Assessment of carbon sequestration in soil layers of managed forest. Iranian Journal of Forest and Poplar Research, 15(3): 241-252 (In Persian).
- Mesdaghi, M., 2004. Plant Ecology. Jahad-e Daneshgahi Press, Mashhad, 187p (In Persian).
- Nave, L.E., Vance, E.D., Swanston, C.W. and Curtis, P.S., 2010. Harvest impacts on soil carbon storage in temperate forests. Forest Ecology and Management, 259: 857-866.
- Nguyen, H., Herbohn, J., Firn, J. and Lamb, D., 2012. Biodiversity-productivity relationships in small-scale mixed-species plantations using native species in Leyte province, Philippines. Forest Ecology and Management, 274: 81-90.
- Peichl, M. and Arain, M.A., 2006. Above-and belowground ecosystem biomass and carbon pools in an age-sequence of temperate pine plantation forests. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 140: 51-63.
- Peltoniemi, M., Thürig, E., Ogle, S., Palosuo, T., Schrumpf, M., Wutzler, T., Butterbach-Bahl, K., Chertov, O., Komarov, A., Mikhailov, A., Gärdenäs, A., Perry, C., Liski, J., Smith, P. and Mäkipää, R., 2007. Models in country scale carbon accounting of forest soils. Silva Fennica, 41(3): 575-602.
- Pourbabaei, H. and Dado, K.H., 2005. Species diversity of woody plants in the district No.1 forests, Kelardasht, Mazandaran province. Iranian Journal of Biology, 4: 307-322 (In Persian).
- Vahedi, A.A., 2017. Monitoring soil carbon pool in the Hyrcanian coastal plain forest of Iran: Artiﬁcial neural network application in comparison with developing traditional models. Catena, 152: 182-189.
- Vahedi, A.A. and Bijani-nejad, A., 2015. Variation within soil organic carbon pool in the forest-paddy field edges (Case study: Nour Forest Park). Iranian Journal of Forest and Poplar Research, 1: 104-116 (In Persian).
- Vahedi, A.A., Mataji, A. and Eshaghi Rad, J., 2014. Variation of soil organic carbon pool weight associated with plant biodiversity (Case study: Mixed-beech forests of Glandrood in Nour). Iranian Journal of Applied Ecology, 7: 1-11 (In Persian).
- Varamesh, S., Hosseini, S.M., Abdi, N. and Akbarinia, M., 2010. Increment of soil carbon sequestration due to forestation and its relation with some physical and chemical factors of soil. Iranian Journal of Forest, 1: 25-35 (In Persian).
- Wamelink, G.W.W., van Dobben, H.F., Mol-Dijkstra, J.P., Schouwenberg, E.P.A.G., Kros, J., de Vries, W. and Berendse, F., 2009. Effect of nitrogen deposition reduction on biodiversity and carbon sequestration. Forest Ecology and Management, 258: 1774-1779.
- Xiaonan, D., Xiaoke, W., Lu, F. and Zhiyun, O., 2008.Primary evaluation of carbon sequestration potential of wetlands in China. Acta Ecological Sinica, 28: 463-469.
- Zhu, B., Wang, X., Fang, W., Piao, S., Shen, H., Zhao, S. and Peng, C., 2010. Altitudinal changes in carbon storage of temperate forests on Mt Changbai, Northeast China. Journal of Plant Research, 123: 439-452.