ارزیابی نظرات و خواسته‌های گردشگران در پارک جنگلی میرزا کوچک‌خان آمل

نوع مقاله: علمی- پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری جنگل‌داری، دانشکده منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی ساری

2 دانشیار، گروه جنگل‌داری، دانشکده منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی ساری

چکیده

امروزه گسترش پارک‌های جنگلی نه‌تنها نیازمند فعالیت و حمایت همه‌جانبه سیاسی، اقتصادی، اجتماعی و فرهنگی مسئولان و مردم است، بلکه نیاز به متخصصان آگاه به امر جنگل‌داری را می‌طلبد. هدف از پژوهش پیش‌رو، کنترل و اصلاح طرح‌های مدیریت، برآوردن نیازهای تفریحی گردشگران و بازنگری در حفاظت و بهره‌وری پایدار از پارک جنگلی میرزا کوچک‌خان آمل با استفاده از پرسش‌نامه به‌دست‌آمده از روش کلاسون بود. صد پرسش‌نامه بین گردشگران پارک توزیع شد و تجزیه و تحلیل عامل‌ها با استفاده از ضریب آلفای کرونباخ انجام شد. نتایج نشان داد که مقدار آلفای کرونباخ 0/251 است و مشخص شد که این پرسش‌نامه فاقد پایایی لازم است. در مرحله بعد با حذف بیشترین اعداد موجود مقدار آلفای کرونباخ به 0/55 ارتقا یافت. سپس با استفاده از آزمون مربع کای میزان ارتباط مشخصه‌ها بررسی شد. نتایج نشان داد که به غیر از دو مورد یعنی ارتباط بین نوع تجهیزات با دریافت حق استفاده از فضای پارک و همچنین بین آگاهی و شناخت از جنگل با بقیه متغیرهای مورد بررسی اختلاف معنی‌داری مشاهده نشد. درواقع اگر در پارکی همه موارد درست و به‌موقع و در محل خود طرح‌ریزی و برنامه‌ریزی شده باشد، مردم نیز که استفاده‌کننده هستند، کمتر تمایل به انجام کارهای نادرست دارند و درنتیجه اراضی پارک صدمه کمتری می‌بیند. این پژوهش نشان داد که فرهنگ عمومی جامعه دارای آگاهی‌ها و شناخت عرفی لازم نسبت به ارزش‌های پارک‌ها ازنظر بقای حیاتی نیست.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Survey on touristic demands and feedbacks in the Mirza Kouchak Khan forest park of Amol

نویسندگان [English]

  • Houman Abbasi 1
  • Hamid Jalilvand 2
1 Ph.D. Student Forestry, Department of Forestry, Faculty of Natural Resources , Sari Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University
2 Associate Prof., Department of Forestry, Faculty of Natural Resources, Sari Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University
چکیده [English]

The development of forest parks not only entails the governmental and public support in multiple (political, economic, social and cultural) aspects, but it also requires an in-depth expert knowledge on forest management. The purpose of this study was to control the conducted management plans and review the recreational needs of tourists across Mirza Kouchak Khan forest park in Amol. A total number of 100 questionnaires were distributed among park visitors using the Clawson method. The analysis was performed using Cronbach's alpha coefficient. Results showed that the Cronbach's alpha = 0.251, turning out that the questionnaires were not valid. By excluding the outliers (i.e. highest numbers) the value of Cronbach's alpha was improved up to 0.55. The relationship amongst the parameters was surveyed by a chi-square test. Except two cases, namely the relationships between the type of park equipment and the right to use parking space as well as between the knowledge and understanding the forest with the other variables, no other significant differences were found. In fact, the public willingness to violate the regulations significantly decreases if the park would be associated with a proper design and planning, which in turns results in reduced damage to a given park. Therefore, this study revealed that the public culture of the park visitors is currently lacking an intuitive understanding and awareness about the biological and ecological values of the studies forest park.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Cronbach's alpha
  • Clawson
  • tourists
  • Haraz
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